This is default featured slide 1 title

Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.This theme is Bloggerized by Lasantha Bandara - Premiumbloggertemplates.com.

This is default featured slide 2 title

Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.This theme is Bloggerized by Lasantha Bandara - Premiumbloggertemplates.com.

This is default featured slide 3 title

Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.This theme is Bloggerized by Lasantha Bandara - Premiumbloggertemplates.com.

This is default featured slide 4 title

Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.This theme is Bloggerized by Lasantha Bandara - Premiumbloggertemplates.com.

This is default featured slide 5 title

Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.This theme is Bloggerized by Lasantha Bandara - Premiumbloggertemplates.com.

Soal Jawab Tentang Kentut

Dari mana asal kentut?

Dari gas dalam usus. Gas dalam usus berasal dari udara yg kita telan, gas yang menerobos ke usus dari darah, gas dari reaksi kimia dan gas dari bakteria dalam perut.

Apakah komposisi kentut?


Pelbagai. Makin banyak udara anda telan, makin banyak kadar nitrogen dalam kentut (oksigen dari udara diserap oleh tubuh sebelum sampai di usus). Adanya bakteria serta reaksi kimia antara asid perut dan cairan usus menghasilkan karbon dioksida. Bakteria juga menghasilkan metana dan hidrogen.

Komposisi gas tergantung apa yang anda makan, berapa banyak udara tertelan, jenis bakteria dalam usus, berapa lama kita menahan kentut. Makin lama menahan kentut, makin besar kandungan nitrogen, kerana gas-gas lain terserap oleh darah melalui dinding usus. Orang yang makannya tergesa-gesa kadar oksigen dalam kentut lebih banyak kerana tubuhnya tidak sempat menyerap oksigen.



Dapatkan produk kesihatan TERBAIK di Kedai SihatSelalu <-- Klik!


Kenapa kentut berbau busuk?

Bau kentut busuk kerana kandungan hidrogen sulfida yang mengandung sulfur (belerang). Makin banyak kandungan sulfur dalam makanan anda, makin banyak sulfida dihasilkan oleh bakteria dalam perut dan makin busuklah kentut anda.

Telur dan daging mempunyai peranan besar dalam menghasilkan bau busuk kentut. Kacang-kacang berperanan dalam menghasilkan isipadu kentut, bukan dalam kebusukannya.

Kenapa kentut menimbulkan bunyi?

Kerana adanya getaran lubang dubur pada masa kentut dikeluarkan. Kekuatan bunyi bergantung pada kelajuan gas.

Kenapa kentut yang busuk itu hangat dan tidak berbunyi?

Salah satu sumber kentut adalah bakteria. Fermentasi bakteria dan proses pencernaan menghasilkan haba, hasil sampingannya adalah gas busuk. Ukuran gelembung gas lebih kecil dan hangat dengan produk metabolisme bakteria yg berbau busuk. Ini kemudiannya menjadi kentut, walau hanya kecil isipadunya,tapi SBD ('Silent But Deadly').

Berapa banyak kentut dihasilkan sehari?

Lebih kurang setengah liter sehari dalam 14 kali kentut.

Mengapa kentut keluar melalui lubang dubur?

Bukankah sepatutnya gas kentut bergerak ke atas disebabkan ketumpatannya lebih ringan? Tidak demikian. Gerakan peristaltik usus mendorong isinya ke arah bawah. Tekanan di sekitar lubang dubur lebih rendah. Gerakan peristaltik usus menjadikan ruang mempunyai tekanan, sehingga memaksa isi usus, termasuk gasnya untuk bergerak ke kawasan yang bertekanan lebih rendah, iaitu sekitar lubang dubur.

Dalam perjalanan ke arah lubang dubur, gelembung-gelembung kecil bergabung jadi gelembung besar. Kalau tidak ada gerakan peristaltik, gelembung gas akan menerobos ke atas lagi, tapi tidak terlalu jauh, kerana bentuk usus yg rumit dan berbelit-belit.

Berapa waktu yang diperlukan oleh kentut untuk melakukan perjalanan ke hidung orang lain?

Bergantung kepada keadaan udara, seperti kelembaban, suhu, kecepatan dan arah angin, berat molekul gas kentut dan jarak antara 'transmitter' dengan 'receiver'. Selepas meninggalkan sumbernya, gas kentut menyebar dan konsentrasinya berkurang.

Kalau kentut tidak dikesan dalam beberapa saat, bererti ianya mengalami 'peleraian' di udara dan hilang ditelan udara selama-lamanya. Kecuali kalau anda kentut di ruang sempit, seperti lif, kereta, kepekatannya lebih banyak, sehingga baunya akan berlegar dalam waktu yang agak lama sampai akhirnya diserap dinding.

Apakah setiap orang kentut?

Sudah pasti, kalau masih hidup. Sesaat setelah meninggalpun orang masih boleh kentut.

Betulkah lelaki kentut lebih kerap daripada perempuan?

Tidak ada kaitannya dengan jantina. Kalau benar, bererti perempuan menahan kentutnya, dan apabla mahu kentut, banyak sekali jumlah yang dikeluarkan.

Bilakah biasanya orang kentut?

Pagi hari di tandas, yang disebut 'morning thunder'. Kalau resonansinya bagus, boleh didengar di seluruh penjuru rumah.

Mengapa makan kekacang menyebabkan banyak kentut?

Kekacang mengandung zat gula yang tidak boleh dicerna tubuh. Gula tersebut (raffinose, stachiose, verbascose) jika sampai di usus, bakteria di usus akan 'berpesta' dan membuat banyak gas. Jagung, kubis, susu juga penyebab banyak kentut (bukan baunya!).

Selain makanan, apa lagi penyebab kentut?

Udara yang tertelan, makan terburu-buru, makan tanpa dikunyah, minum 'soft drink', naik pesawat udara (kerana tekanan udara lebih rendah, sehingga gas di dalam usus mengalami pengembangan & muncul sebagai kentut).

Apakah kentut sama dengan sendawa, tapi muncul dari lubang lain?

Tidak. Sendawa muncul dari perut, komposisi kimianya lain dengan kentut. Sendawa mengandung lebih banyak udara, kentut mengandung lebih banyak gas yang dihasilkan oleh bakteria.

Ke mana perginya gas kentut kalau ditahan/tidak dikeluarkan?

Ia akan diserap oleh darah, berpindah ke bahagian atas menuju usus. Namun pada akhirnya akan keluar juga. Jadi ia bukan lenyap, tapi hanya mengalami penangguhan.

Mungkinkah kentut terbakar?

Boleh saja. Kentut mengandung metana, hidrogen yang boleh terbakar (gas asli mengandung komponen ini juga). Kalau terbakar, nyalaannya berwarna biru kerana kandungan unsur hidrogen.


Bolehkah menyalakan mancis dengan kentut?

Jangan mengada-ada. Suhunya tidak cukup panas untuk memulakan pembakaran.

Mengapa kentut anjing & kucing lebih busuk?

Kerana anjing dan kucing adalah karnivor (pemakan daging). Daging kaya dengan protein. Protein mengandung banyak sulfur, jadi bau kentut binatang ini lebih busuk. Berbeza dengan herbivor seperti kambing, kuda, gajah, yang menghasilkan kentut yang lebih banyak, lebih lama dan lebih kuat bunyinya, tetapi relatifnya tidak berbau.

Betulkah pening kepala kalau mencium bau kentut 2-3 kali berturut-turut?

Kentut mengandung sedikit oksigen, mungkin sedikit saja anda mengalami pening kepala kalau mencium bau kentut terlalu banyak.

Apakah warna kentut?

Tidak berwarna. Kalau warnanya oren seperti gas nitrogen oksida, akan tahulah siapa yang kentut..hehehe

Apakah kentut itu asid atau neutral?
Asid, kerana mengandung karbon dioksisa (CO2) & hidrogen sulfida (H2S).

Apa yang terjadi kalau seseorang kentut di planet Venus?

Planet Venus sudah banyak mengandungi sulfur (belerang) di lapisan udaranya, jadi kentut di sana tidak ada kesannya.


Lagi info tentang KENTUT di sini.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Pesky Presbyopia


DO you often hold printed pages like this one at arm's length in order to read them clearly? Or do you routinely slip on a pair of non-prescription reading glasses, the sort you can pick up off a pharmacy rack, so you can read your Sunday morning papers?

Either way, if you are over 45, such habits most likely mean you are subject to a pesky aspect of ageing called presbyopia.




Dapatkan produk kesihatan TERBAIK di Kedai SihatSelalu <-- Klik!


Oh My, Another -opia?

You might be familiar with the terms myopia (short-sightedness), and hyperopia (long-sightedness), but not presbyopia.

Short-sightedness is a condition where you have clear vision when viewing something close up, but blurry vision when viewing something far away. Long-sightedness is the opposite - clear vision when viewing things far away, blurry vision close up.

Presbyopia, on the other hand, is a condition where your 'near vision' i.e. your clear vision when viewing something close up gradually declines. Left alone, it can make near tasks like reading fine print or sewing difficult or impossible.

While near- and far-sightedness are caused by physical imperfections in the eye that are usually inherited (too much or too little curvature in the cornea, eyeballs that are too long or short), presbyopia develops as the lens of the eye ages and hardens.

In a normal eye, the cornea and lens focus light precisely onto the retina (the innermost, light-sensitive layer of the eye.) To do this, the lens needs to be flexible - when you look at something nearby, a ring of muscles around the lens contracts and your lens fattens, bringing the near object into focus; when you look at something far away, the muscle ring relaxes and your lens flattens, bringing the far object into focus.

The retina then sends coded signals to the brain, via the optic nerve, for interpretation. It is as if the retina asks the brain 'What am I reading?' and the brain answers 'Oh my, another -opia,' faster than you can blink.


In a presbyopic eye, the retina asks the same question, but the brain sees a blur because the lens can no longer bring the words into focus. So the presbyopic person compensates by moving the page further away from him (to the closest point he can focus on) or magnifying the image with visual aids like reading glasses or a magnifying glass.

Correcting presbyopia is a simple matter of seeing an optometrist and finding a pair of spectacles or contact lenses that works for you. Uncorrected presbyopia can lead to unecessary eyestrain or headaches after doing close work and the loss of near vision. Unfortunately, uncorrected presbyopia is all too common.

One Person in Six Has Presbyopia

A recent study on the prevalence of uncorrected presbyopia around the world, published in the Archives of Ophthalmology estimated 1.04 billion people suffered from the condition as of 2005.

There were a billion presbyopes in 2005, and in 2020 there will be a billion and a half. And that is because the population of the world is aging.

The average age of onset of presbyopia is 45. In temperate countries where UV light exposure is lower, it is later – about 48 in Finland. In countries nearer the equator, like Malaysia, where UV light exposure is higher, it can be as early as 30.

By 65, the condition is almost universal. As people live longer and longer, they can expect to live with the condition for longer and longer too (Malaysia's life expectance is now 74 - 71 for men, 76 for women).

A girl born today in Sydney, Australia has a 50% chance of living to 100. If a woman have lost the ability to read naturally by the age of 45, she have 55 years without the ability to read naturally.

Reading is not the half of it. According to the Global Impairment report, 517 million presbyopes either have no spectacles or have inadequate spectacles to correct their condition. As a result, 4 out of 5 of them are unable to perform necessary near tasks, resulting in lost income for individuals and lost productivity for countries.

Unsurprisingly, the majority of these vision impaired presbyopes come from the developing world where access to adequate eye healthcare is limited or unaffordable, or both. Fortunately, that is not the case here, so do not take those services for granted - take advantage of them instead.

Spectacles and Contact Lenses

An optometrist should say to someone who is presbyopic : 'You can have spectacles - reading glasses or multifocals; you can have one contact lens for near vision, one for distance vision (one monovision lens in each eye); or you can have multifocal contact lenses.

These days, we can get freedom from old-type spectacles; we can get more opportunities to be more active in our lifestyles, and presbyopic contact lenses are part of that revolution.

They are becoming more successful because they are more reproducible, have better oxygen permeability, and are better designed.

Seeing an Optometrist

Failure to see an optometrist regularly for something unthreatening like presbyopia may result in other, more threatening eye problems being missed e.g. glaucoma (leading cause of blindness worldwide), age-related macular degeneration (AMD, leading cause of blindness in elderly Americans), or diabetic retinopathy.

For adults, it is recommended a visit :

* Once every 5 years, or
* Once every 2 years if you have a family history of glaucoma, diabetes, hypertension, AMD, or a personal history of eye injury

Additionally :

* Have a 'baseline' check when you turn 40
* Up your frequency to every one to two years after age 60-65

Children should visit an optometrist :

* At least once when they enter primary school
* At least once when they enter secondary school

What Else Can You Do?

You can not prevent presbyopia, but you can hold it off for longer by protecting your eyes and vision :

# Use the right glasses, read in good light.

# Eat fruits, leafy greens, and other antioxidant-rich foods. Antioxidants help slow the oxidative stress of ageing in the eye.

# Say 'no' to UV light. Wear spectacles and contact lenses that have full UVA and UVB blockage (look for the World Council of Optometry seal of acceptance for UV blockers/absorbers.)

· Wear protective eyewear when your eyes are at risk e.g. when playing sports, mowing the lawn, or using toxic substances (look for 'ANSI Z87.1', a US standard of effectiveness in protecting against injury, on the lens or frame.)


More info on PREBYOSPIA here.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Remaja Diberi Pelali Cegah Kanser Serviks


KUALA LUMPUR, 26 Sept : Mulai tahun depan, remaja perempuan berusia 13 tahun di seluruh negara akan diberikan pelalian 'human papillomavirus' (HPV) bagi melindungi mereka daripada penyakit kanser serviks.


Menteri Kesihatan Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai ketika mengumumkannya hari ini berkata program itu akan menelan belanja RM150 juta setahun meliputi 300,000 remaja perempuan yang akan divaksin setiap tahun.



Dapatkan produk kesihatan TERBAIK di Kedai SihatSelalu <-- Klik!


Program itu berkemungkinan dijalankan di sekolah-sekolah menengah dan bukannya di hospital atau klinik kerajaan bagi memudahkan pelajar mendapatkan vaksin tersebut yang diambil sekali seumur hidup sebanyak 3 dos dalam tempoh 6 bulan, katanya.

"Perkara ini kita belum muktamadkan butirannya tetapi besar kemungkinan kita buat di sekolah-sekolah sebab sekolah-sekolah tempat terbaik untuk beri vaksin," katanya kepada pemberita.

Liow berkata melalui program itu, kementerian yakin penyakit kanser serviks di negara ini dapat diatasi dengan jayanya pada masa depan.

"Vaksin HPV dilaporkan 98% berkesan dalam memberi perlindungan terhadap HPV jenis 16 dan 18... ada banyak jenis HPV. Menurut Pertubuhan Kesihatan Sedunia, vaksin ini akan mengurangkan kekerapan berlaku kanser serviks sekurang-kurangnya 70%," katanya.

Liow berkata vaksin itu sudah berada di pasaran negara ini dan boleh diperoleh di sektor swasta pada harga sekitar RM1200 bagi 3 dos yang diberikan.

"Bagaimanapun, kita akan terus berunding dengan penyedia vaksin bagi mengurangkan harganya kepada RM500 seorang supaya orang ramai akan mendapat vaksin yang lebih murah," katanya.

Di Malaysia, kanser serviks merupakan kanser kedua kerap berlaku di kalangan wanita selepas kanser payudara dan hampir 2000 kes baru didiagnos di negara ini setiap tahun.

"Wanita Cina di negara ini mempunyai risiko yang lebih tinggi daripada wanita kaum lain iaitu 23.2% berbanding India (16.4%) dan Melayu (8.7%).

"Jadi saya ingin menyeru para penyelidik kita untuk mengkaji fenomena yang aneh ini dan mencari sebabnya," katanya.

Liow juga menggalakkan semua wanita agar melakukan pemeriksaan 'pap smear' secara berkala dan melakukan rawatan dengan awal jika dikesan menghadapi kanser tersebut.

"Menurut pakar perubatan, jika kanser ini dikesan dan dirawat dengan awal, kadar sembuhnya adalah lebih tinggi iaitu lebih daripada 90% pesakit masih hidup selepas 5 tahun, manakala jika pesakit datang lewat untuk rawatan, kurang daripada 15% masih hidup selepas 5 tahun," katanya. (BERNAMA)


Lagi info tentang KANSER SERVIKS di sini.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Sleepwalking (Somnambulism)


by Dr. Milton Lum

Sleepwalking (somnambulism) is not uncommon among children and is a reason for a medical consultation. The children find themselves in a state of transition from one sleep cycle to the next, i.e. from non-rapid eye movement (NREM) to wakefulness.

During this transition state, there is a high arousal threshold, mental confusion and unclear perception.


It usually occurs in the first or second sleep cycle during the deeper stages of NREM sleep.

When the child awakens there is no recollection of the sleepwalking. It is sometimes associated with nonsensical talking. The child's eyes are often open with a characteristic 'looking right through you' appearance.



Dapatkan produk kesihatan TERBAIK di Kedai SihatSelalu <-- Klik!


More Often in Children

As somnambulism occurs more often in children, there are suggestions that it is indicative of immaturity of the central nervous system.

It is estimated to occur in about 15% of children aged between 4 and 12. Somnambulism can sometimes start in their teens but is usually resolved by the late teenage years. How­­ever, it also occurs in adults.

Some children may hit objects while sleep­walking and injure themselves occasionally. The effects in adolescents and adults may be of more concern as there have been reports of behaviors like driving a car, cooking and eating, with consequent injuries.

Causes

There are several causes of sleepwalking. It is more common in identical twins and is 10 times more likely to occur if a first degree relative also sleepwalks.

In adults, the frequen­cy of sleepwalking increases during menstruation and pregnancy. Sleepwalking may be triggered by disordered sleep schedules, sleep deprivation, fever, stress and excessive alcohol consumption.

Certain medicines can cause sleepwalking. They include sleeping pills (hypnotics), allergy pills (antihistamines), antidepressants, some antibiotics (fluoroquinolone) and calming pills (tranquilisers).

Sleepwalking is associated with medical conditions like fever, nocturnal asthma or fits, abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), regurgitation of food from the stomach into the oesophagus (reflux), psychiatric conditions (panic attacks and post-traumatic stress) and when there is temporary stoppage of breathing during sleep (obstructive sleep apnoea).

Somnambulism episodes vary and can range from walking quietly around a room to disturbed running. The patients may later tell of attempts to run away from dangerous situations. They have a typical clumsy, staring and dazed appearance with their eyes opened as they walk about.

When questioned, their responses are slow or absent with simple or non-sensical words uttered. There is no recollection of the event if the person returns to bed without awakening. Older children are more likely to be awakened at the end of the episode of somnambulism.

Night Terrors

Somnambulism has to be distinguished from night terrors (or sleep terrors) which are similar to somnambulism in that they occur in the first or second sleep cycle during the deeper stages of NREM sleep.

However, night terrors present with sudden screams associa­ted with a panic-like appearance. The eyes are opened wide, there is sweating and increased heart and respiratory rates. This may be follow­ed by movements such as running around the room.

By itself, night terrors are not dangerous but injuries to the child or others may result if the child is violent. Night terrors may occur for many consecutive weeks, stop completely and then recur later. They usually cease when the child reaches adolescence but may occasionally persist until the child is mature.

A similar condition is confusional arousals. They occur in the first or second sleep cycle during the deeper stages of NREM sleep. There are short episodes, lasting about 10 minutes or so, of disorientation, inconsolable crying and thrashing movements in bed.

The child typically does not remember the event. The condition is common in younger children. Attempts to awaken the child frequently prolong the episode.

However, if the child is awakened, the episode typically ceases. Unlike night terrors, there are no changes like sweating and increased heart and respiratory rates.

Diagnosis and Management

No treatment is needed in most instances of somnambulism because it is rarely an indication of a medical or psychiatric problem.

Somnambulism usually disappears in most children at puberty although it sometimes persist into adulthood. A medical consultation is advisable if it occurs frequently, if there is injury or if the behaviour is violent.

The doctor will carry out a physical examination to exclude any medical causes. Some­times, a specialist referral may be made for an assessment to determine whether a psychia­tric condition is the cause.

Reassurance is all that is needed in most instances. Several general measures can be taken by someone affected by somnambulism which includes getting sufficient sleep and avoiding any precipitating factors like visual, tactile or auditory stimuli just before bedtime.

To reduce the likelihood of injury, remove obstacles and sharp objects from the bedroom and avoid bunk beds. Lock windows and doors of the bedroom. It may be useful to have an alarm placed on the window or door.

Any underlying medical condition such as fever, nocturnal asthma or fits, cardiac arrhyth­mias, obstructive sleep apnoea, gastro-oeso­pha­geal reflux, panic attacks or post-trau­matic stress, would be treated appropriately.

Medicines are prescribed if there is a likelihood of injury, excessive sleepiness during the day, significant disruption of family life, and general measures have been unhelpful.

The medicines that have been reported to be useful are the benzodiazepines, tricyclic antidepressants and serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Low-dose clonazepam before going to bed for 3 to 6 weeks have also been reported to be usually effective. The medicines can be stopped after 3 to 6 weeks without recurrence of symptoms.

Other treatment like relaxation techniques and anticipatory awakenings have been reported to be useful.

These techniques are usually carried out by a psychologist. Antici­patory awakenings involve waking up the affected child about 15 minutes prior to the usual time the somnambulism occurs and keeping the child awake throughout the time the episode usually occur.

Somnambulism can be prevented by avoiding sleep deprivation, avoiding stress and avoiding alcohol consumption.


More info on SLEEPWALKING here.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Risiko Makan Banyak di Musim Raya


Siapa mampu menolak juadah pagi raya apabila lemang, ketupat dan rendang yang penuh menyelerakan terhidang di atas meja makan menunggu untuk dijamah. Sementara menanti makan tengah hari, mulut mengunyah biskut raya dan kerepek sambil menonton rancangan menarik sempena raya di kaca televisyen.

Hampir semua hidangan mengandungi kadar lemak, gula, garam serta kolesterol yang tinggi. Itu belum dengan pelbagai jenis minuman manis yang sentiasa tersedia di dalam bekas air.

Begitulah lumrah pemakanan bagi kebanyakan individu setiap kali menjelang 1 Syawal. Puasa sebulan terus dibalas dengan makan dalam sehari.


Risiko Terkejut

Namun apakah risiko yang mungkin terjadi pada sistem perut dan penghadaman yang tiba-tiba dikejutkan dengan pemakanan mendadak ini?

Dalam keadaan berpuasa, kadar metabolik turun kerana tidak banyak makanan untuk diproses. Namun apabila hari raya, individu yang makan terlalu banyak boleh mengakibatkan kadar metabolik mereka semakin tidak stabil.

Kerana keadaan ini, individu yang makan berterusan akan mengalami penambahan berat badan secara mendadak, segala makanan yang masuk secara banyak itu tidak boleh dibakar oleh sistem metabolisme kerana keadaannya yang lemah selepas sebulan berpuasa.

Makan Alas Perut

Apa yang sepatutnya dilakukan oleh individu pada pagi raya ialah makan alas perut seperti buah-buahan dan sayuran sebelum menikmati juadah sinonim pada hari raya seperti lemang dan rendang.


Alas perut memang penting kerana apabila kita mengambil buah dan sayur yang kaya dengan serat, akan memberi lapisan kepada usus supaya lemak tidak diserap dengan banyak ke dalam darah. Antara buah yang baik dimakan ialah buah limau, epal hijau, kiwi dan salad.

Elak Kafein

Seperkara lagi yang perlu dielak pada musim raya ialah pengambilan minuman yang mengandungi kafein. Bukan kopi dan teh sahaja yang mengandungi kafein, air bikarbonat juga mengandungi kafein.

Pengambilan minuman berkafein bersama lemang, rendang dan sebagainya memang memudaratkan usus. Sebaiknya, apabila kita makan makanan berlemak, minumlah air suam dan jus buah sebagai alternatif.

Salah satu cara penyerapan lemak terbaik untuk tubuh ialah pengambilan soy lecithin sebelum makan makanan berlemak. Makanan tambahan ini berfungsi sebagai penyerap lemak yang akan dikeluarkan melalui najis ketika membuang air besar.


Elak Kerepek

Kerepek adalah makanan yang perlu dielak kerana ia mengandungi oksida yang tinggi.

Bahan makanan bergoreng dan mengandungi oksida tinggi ini boleh menyebabkan badan dipenuhi dengan toksin dan sebagai penyelesaiannya mereka disarankan mengambil bahan anti-oksida seperti vitamin A, C dan E.

Jika mahu makan kerepek, pilihlah kerepek daripada jenis dipanggang seperti emping jagung. Jika suka makan kekacang pula pilihlah kacang parang atau kacang kuda yang mempunyai kandungan lemak baik atau omega yang tinggi.

Jangan makan makanan mengandungi protein sekali gus. Sebagai contoh, makan ayam, daging, sotong dan ikan dalam satu masa, ini kerana usus hanya akan menghadamkan protein yang paling ringkas sahaja seperti ikan.

Protein lain seperti daging dan sotong akan terus menjadi toksin yang sekiranya tidak dibuang akan menjadi penyebab penyakit seperti migrain dan masalah-masalah lain.


Risiko Makan Banyak

Antara risiko yang boleh terjadi pada individu yang tidak mengawal pemakanan mereka pada musim raya ialah sembelit.

Apabila sembelit berlaku, masalah seperti buasir akan timbul. Selain itu, usus juga boleh mengalami kecederaan dan sekali gus mengakibatkan sistem penghadaman kacau bilau.

Ketika bulan puasa, pesakit darah tinggi atau kencing manis akan turun kadar glukos dan kolesterol tetapi naik mendadak pada musim raya. Kita tidak mahu bulan raya diserang penyakit berbahaya, sebab itu kena kawal makan.

Buang air besar sekurang-kurangnya sekali sehari. Selain menikmati makanan yang sedap pada hari raya, pastikan juga minum air kosong 8 gelas sehari demi kesihatan yang optimum.


Lagi info tentang HARI RAYA di sini.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Infant Diarrhoea


In essence, diarrhoea is not a disease. It is a symptom of an infection or illness. Infant diarrhoea is usually caused by infectious agents such as bacteria (shigella or Escherichia coli), viruses (rotavirus), and parasites. If these organisms enter your baby's body, his normal bodily functions may be affected. Diarrhoea is a reaction to these infections. It is usually acute, lasting not more than two days.


Is Your Baby Having Diarrhoea?

Your baby is having diarrhoea when there is a significant increase in the fluidity, frequency, and volume of his bowel movements compared to his usual bowel pattern.

Keep in mind that the frequency of your baby's bowel movement may be affected by his diet, and may not be an indication of diarrhoea, especially if you have changed his diet recently.

Breastfed babies usually have more frequent bowel movements than formula-fed babies. However, please be aware if your baby's stools appear very loose and watery as they are an indication that your baby may be having diarrhoea. In any case, consult your doctor immediately for clarification.



Dapatkan produk kesihatan TERBAIK di Kedai SihatSelalu <-- Klik!


What Are The Dangers of Infant Diarrhoea?

Diarrhoea can sometimes be accompanied by vomiting, fever, loss of appetite, stomach pain/cramp, or a bloated stomach. If vomiting accompanies diarrhoea, your baby may experience rapid fluid loss.

This can lead to dehydration. Dehydration occurs when the body loses water faster than it can replace. It is accompanied by mineral loss and electrolyte imbalance.

Dehydration in infants is very dangerous and may be life-threatening if it is not countered quickly. Severe health problems may arise if your child is dehydrated.

Signs to Watch Out For

* Dry mouth
* Extreme thirst
* Sunken soft spot on top of baby's head
* Dry, cool skin
* Sunken eyes
* Absence of tears when crying.

Consult your doctor if diarrhoea in your baby persists for more than 48 hours or if you notice any of the above symptoms.

Do not give medication to stop diarrhoea in your baby unless it is prescribed by the doctor. If your baby is experiencing mild to moderate dehydration, you can give him oral rehydration solutions (ORS) in small and frequent amounts to replace loss of fluids and minerals.

Zinc supplements may also be given by the doctor. Please ask your doctor for more information.

Know More About Rotavirus

In Malaysia, a study carried out in Hospital Kuala Lumpur and Sarawak General Hospital found that rotavirus was the infective agent in 49% of the total number of children hospitalised for diarrhoea.

Rotavirus is a wheel-like virus and is one of the most common causes of gastroenteritis. Rotavirus gastroenteritis is the most common cause of diarrhoea among children under the age of five years.

If your baby is infected, he may also experience abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, fever, and chills.

The rotavirus enters the body through the mouth, usually after consumption of contaminated food or water. Rotavirus gastroenteritis results in inflammation of your baby's intestinal lining as the virus replicates there. The virus causes damage to the villus, where nutrient absorption occurs. It impairs your baby's body's ability to absorb sodium, glucose, and water.

Prevention

The best way to protect your baby against rotavirus is by giving him a vaccine during early infancy. It is given orally and the goal of this vaccine is to stimulate immunity from an early age so that your child's first encounter with rotavirus will only cause a mild infection, or one without symptoms.


More info on DIARRHOEA here.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Gambar Kanser Mulut Akibat Merokok

Gambar-gambar di bawah menunjukkan pesakit kanser mulut kronik. Beliau merupakan perokok tegar.

Jauhilah rokok, ingatlah mereka yang tersayang!!






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

World Alzheimer's Day on Sept 21

This year's flurry of educational events held in conjunction with World Alzheimer's Day will take place in over 50 countries and focus on : 'Diagnosing Dementia : See It Sooner'.

Why is early detection important? Because Alzheimer's is incurable, but appropriate care and medical treatment can slow its progression and improve patient quality of life.


The sooner it is detected, the sooner intervention can take place, and the better the outcome for patients, caregivers, and the community at large.



Dapatkan produk kesihatan TERBAIK di Kedai SihatSelalu <-- Klik!


Stages of Alzheimer

Alzheimer is the most common cause of dementia (the loss of control of conscious mental processes) among older people, but it is not part of the normal ageing process.

In Alzheimer, nerve cells in the brain progressively die. At the same time, the brain produces less of the chemicals that allow nerves to communicate with each other.

As the parts of the brain typically affected first are those that store and retrieve new information, memory is usually affected first. Early stage patients may also experience difficulty in finding the right words and mood swings. Do not dismiss these symptoms as part and parcel of old age!

Later stage patients may suffer deeper lapses of memory and have difficulty understanding what they are told. They may forget daily living skills, undergo personality changes, or appear indifferent to those around them.

Advanced stage patients may become unable to speak, walk, and eat independently. Some lose their sense of time and place, and may wander off with no idea where they are headed or recollection of how they got there. Some lose their inhibitions and sense of propriety, and may undress in public or make inappropriate sexual advances.

Some drugs can slow disease progression and alleviate symptoms like depression, paranoia, insomnia, and hallucinations. But loving care, patience, understanding, and a safe, stable environment are what a patient needs most.

What You Can Do

* Attend a talk to learn more.

* Watch A Cup of Tea, a (very) short film produced by Alzheimer's Disease International at globalcharter.org/film.

* Contribute to Alzheimer's care. For example, at the Alzheimer's Disease Foundation Malaysia (ADFM) two centres, RM30/day pays one person's way, covering meals, daily activities, staff salaries, and maintenance.

Sign the Global Alzheimer’s Disease Charter if you feel all governments should promote awareness and understanding of Alzheimer’s; respect the human rights of people with the disease; recognise caregivers; provide patient access to health and social care; stress the importance of optimal treatment after diagnosis; and increase prevention by improving public health.


More info on ALZHEIMER here.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Bagaimana Serangan Jantung Terjadi?


oleh Dr Haizal Haron Kamar

Arteri koronari adalah pembuluh darah yang mengelilingi jantung dan membawa di dalamnya darah yang kaya oksigen serta nutrien ke otot-otot jantung. Ini penting untuk jantung berfungsi dengan sempurna.

Dengan pembentukan plak di dinding dalam arteri akibat proses aterosklerosis (pengumpulan lemak atau kolesterol pada dinding dalam salur darah), ruang di dalam arteri menjadi sempit dan mengganggu perjalanan darah.

Sakit di dada (angina pectoris) berlaku apabila darah tidak sampai ke otot jantung ketika melakukan aktiviti cergas, tetapi kembali normal selepas berehat beberapa minit.

Bagaimanapun, plak berkenaan boleh menjadi tidak stabil dan pecah disebabkan faktor tertentu. Ini menghasilkan trombosis atau gumpalan darah beku. Ia berlaku secara tiba-tiba dan menutupi seluruh arteri lalu menghalang perjalanan darah. Otot jantung yang terbabit akan mengalami kerosakan.


Cuba bayangkan sebatang sungai besar yang mengalir di sebuah ladang epal yang subur. Apabila aliran air sungai tersekat, pokok epal akan layu dan mati. Begitu juga yang berlaku pada otot-otot jantung.

Sel otot jantung ini akan mati akibat ketandusan darah. Fenomena yang berlaku dipanggil serangan jantung atau infarksi miokardium.

Apakah Bahaya Serangan Jantung?

Tahukah anda, penyakit kardiovaskular adalah pembunuh nombor satu di Malaysia dan kebanyakan negara di dunia? Pernahkah anda terfikir, serangan jantung dan penyakit kardiovaskular adalah pembunuh nombor satu wanita – hampir 5 kali ganda lebih tinggi berbanding barah payudara?

Serangan jantung adalah penyebab utama kematian mengejut. Kejadian ini berlaku apabila jantung berhenti berdenyut secara tiba-tiba atau mengalami fibrilasi ventrikular akibat kerosakan pada jantung.

Tahukah anda, lebih kurang 50% kematian akibat serangan jantung terjadi dalam masa satu jam dan hampir semuanya sebelum sempat tiba di hospital? Bagi yang 'terselamat', segolongan besar mengalami penyakit lemah jantung atau kegagalan fungsi jantung akibat kerosakan teruk otot-otot jantung.

Ini dimanifestasikan dengan keadaan kaki yang mudah bengkak dan kesesakan nafas ketika rehat atau melakukan aktiviti.

Apakah Gejala Serangan Jantung?

Serangan jantung boleh berlaku secara tiba-tiba. Ia sering berlaku pada awal pagi ketika tidur, tetapi ia juga boleh terjadi pada bila-bila masa dan di mana saja, sama ada ketika melakukan aktiviti atau berehat.


Kira-kira 50% pesakit yang alami serangan jantung tidak mempunyai tanda awal. Bagi mereka, ini gejala pertama penyakit jantung koronari. Oleh itu, kita wajar mengetahui gejala serangan jantung iaitu :

* Sakit di dada. Jantung sebenarnya terletak di bahagian tengah dada dan bukan di kiri, tetapi sakit dialami sering membabitkan keseluruhan dada. Ia seperti satu cengkaman kuat atau perasaan berat di dada. Ia kadangkala merebak ke bahagian atas dada hingga ke leher dan gusi atau ke tangan kiri atau kanan.

* Simptom berkaitan yang mungkin berlaku ketika sakit dada adalah kesesakan nafas, berpeluh yang sejuk, rasa lemah badan dan pening.

* Ada segolongan pesakit yang tidak mempunyai gejala klasikal seperti di atas. Ada yang hanya mengalami kesesakan nafas atau sakit di bahagian lain di badan. Ada kes berlaku pesakit yang menghidap serangan jantung dihantar ke wad pembedahan kerana simptomnya yang ketara adalah sakit di perut. Ada pula kes yang mana pesakit pergi ke doktor gigi terlebih dulu disebabkan sakit gusi, tanpa rasa sakit di dada.

* Ada pula yang tidak mengalami kesakitan di dada atau apa-apa simptom. Ini sering didapati pada pesakit yang mengidap diabetes.

Kadangkala sukar untuk tahu sama ada gejala dialami adalah disebabkan serangan jantung, terutama mereka yang tidak mengalami simptom klasikal.

Jika tidak pasti, segera ke hospital berdekatan. Usah bertangguh untuk menjalani pemeriksaan. Ingat, setiap masa sangat berharga dan jika dibiarkan, ia boleh merosakkan jantung dan mengorbankan nyawa.



Lagi info tentang SERANGAN JANTUNG di sini.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Top 10 Causes of Bleeding After Sex

by Dr. Norashikin Mokhtar

There are a few things that can ruin a pleasant post-coital haze – one of them is if your partner immediately rolls onto his back and begins snoring. This can be frustrating, but it is surely not as frightening as going to the bathroom and discovering that you are bleeding!

Bleeding after sex can be due to a number of causes, and usually means that either the skin lining the cervix or vagina is thin or inflamed, or that there is a lesion on the cervix.

It is not to be taken lightly, so if you discover that you are bleeding after intercourse, do see a doctor as soon as possible. Below are the ten most common causes of bleeding after sex.



Dapatkan produk kesihatan TERBAIK di Kedai SihatSelalu <-- Klik!


No. 10 Cervical Dysplasia

One cause of the bleeding could be cervical dysplasia, which means that there are abnormal cells growing on the surface of the cervix. This is a pre-cancerous condition and could lead to cancer if the abnormal cells are not removed.

You may be at risk of cervical dysplasia if you have multiple sexual partners, have sex before age 18, give birth before age 16, or have had a sexually transmitted disease.

Cervical dysplasia can be detected early if you go for regular pap smears. It can be treated with cryosurgery or conisation.

No. 9 Chlamydia

Bacteria is a common culprit of vaginal bleeding. Chlamydia is a type of bacterial infection that is usually sexually transmitted. Apart from bleeding, women with chlamydia may also have abnormal vaginal discharge or feel a burning sensation while urinating.

Chlamydia infection must be treated with antibiotics, or it may lead to future problems like pelvic inflammatory disease and even infertility. To prevent being infected, be sure to practise safe sex and use condoms.

No. 8 Gonorrhoea

Another sexually transmitted bacterial infection that could cause post-intercourse bleeding is gonorrhoea, sometimes called 'the clap'. Just like chlamydia, it can also cause other symptoms like vaginal discharge, burning and pain while urinating, and increased urination.

If the infection spreads, it can cause fever and severe pain in the lower abdomen.

Gonorrhea should be treated with the right type of antibiotics so that it does not cause complications that could lead to infertility.

No. 7 Vaginitis or Cervicitis

Inflammation and infection of the vagina, or of the cervix, could also lead to some bleeding. These conditions could be caused by a bacterial or fungal infection, which can be treated with antibiotics or antifungals.

Sometimes, cervicitis occurs after inserting a foreign device like a cervical cap or a diaphragm into the pelvic area. It can also be caused by an allergic reaction to contraceptive spermicides or to latex in condoms.

No. 6 Cervical Polyps

Sometimes you may have growths in your cervix called polyps. These are smooth finger-like growths that are red or purple in colour. They grow out of the mucous layer of the cervix or the cervical canal, and are extremely fragile.

The good news is, cervical polyps can be removed easily and painlessly by tying a surgical string around the base and cutting it off. The base can be then be removed with electrocautery or with a laser.

No. 5 Trichomoniasis

Another sexually transmitted culprit of bleeding after sex is trichomoniasis, a disease caused by a parasite. It can also cause discomfort during sex, vaginal itching, a greenish-yellow, frothy or foamy vaginal discharge with a foul or strong smell, swelling of the labia and itching of the inner thighs.

Rarely, trichomoniasis can be transmitted through tap water, hot tubs, urine, on toilet seats, and in swimming pools.

This infection can be treated with antibiotics. To prevent from getting it, practise safe and healthy sex.

No. 4 Yeast Infection

Occasionally, the bleeding could be due to a very common condition in women – a yeast infection caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. This infection occurs when the normal fungi that lives in the vagina overgrows and upsets the healthy balance of microorganisms in the vagina.

You may note that you have a yeast infection by the other symptoms, like itching and burning in the vaginal area, as well as an odourless, white vaginal discharge with a cheese-like texture.

You should see your doctor or gynaecologist for proper treatment, especially if it is your first yeast infection.

No. 3 Endometritis or Adenomyosis

Endometritis is the inflammation of the endometrium, which is the innermost layer of the uterus. Adenomyosis occurs when the tissue of the endometrium attaches itself to the uterus or the ovaries, and grows outside of the uterus.

Endometritis can cause other symptoms like general discomfort, fever, lower abdominal or pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal discharge, discomfort with bowel movement (constipation may occur) and an enlarged abdomen. Adenomyosis causes prolonged, heavy and painful menstrual bleeding.

Endometritis can be treated successfully with antibiotics, but adenomyosis may require a hysterectomy.

No. 2 Uterine Polyps

Polyps may also grow in the uterus, which occurs when the endometrium overgrows and protrudes into the uterus. Besides bleeding after sex, you may experience bleeding between periods, excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding, bleeding after menopause and breakthrough bleeding during hormone therapy.

Uterine polyps can be removed surgically, where the doctor will use a hysteroscope to see inside your uterus and cut away the polyps.

No. 1 Fibroid Tumours

Although the word 'tumour' often means cancer, this is not the case with fibroid tumours. These are solid masses of fibrous tissue that grow in the uterus and are usually benign (non-cancerous).

Although these fibroids can cause post-intercourse bleeding, some women do not experience any symptoms at all.

Fibroid tumours may disappear on their own after menopause. However, they can be treated with various methods such as uterine artery embolisation (cutting off the fibroids’ blood supply), focused ultrasound surgery (using high frequency sound waves to destroy the fibroids), or myomectomy (surgical removal of the fibroids).

Bleeding after sex is nothing to be afraid or ashamed about. It could be caused by just a simple infection or it could be a symptom of another problem that needs to be investigated.

So, do go and see your doctor or gynaecologist immediately; do not wait and hope that the bleeding will go away on its own.




Dapatkan e-book Permata Yang Hilang
panduan seni nafkah batin di

Kedai Maya SihatSelalu!!



More info on SEX here.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Kesan Bahan Kimia Dalam Mercun

oleh Dr. Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim

Bahan letupan sering digunakan dalam peperangan. Seni pembuatan bahan letupan dan mercun yang dikenali sebagai piroteknik dipelopori oleh China semenjak abad ke-13.

Kemudiannnya, ia tersebar ke negara-negara lain seperti Amerika Syarikat, Eropah, Rusia dan Jepun. Permainan mercun menjadi tradisi bagi sesetengah negara. Amerika Syarikat, contohnya, meraikan Hari Kemerdekaan dengan permainan mercun secara besar-besaran. Jerman pula hanya membenarkan permainan mercun semasa sambutan tahun baru.

Budaya ini kemudian menular ke Malaysia terutama di kalangan masyarakat Melayu dan Cina yang dimainkan antaranya semasa Tahun Baru Cina, malam tujuh likur, Hari Raya dan acara perkahwinan.

Suka Membawa Duka

Perlu diingat, dalam bersuka ria, mercun juga sering membawa bencana akibat kecuaian. Kes-kes tersebut selalu terjadi kepada kanak-kanak serta remaja.

Kejadian paling buruk di negara ini ialah letupan di kilang mercun di Sungai Buloh, Selangor yang mengorbankan banyak nyawa.

Pengendalian bahan letupan mempunyai risiko yang tinggi. Ramai tidak memahami cara pembuatan mercun serta bahan-bahan kimia yang terkandung di dalamnya. Membuat mercun sendiri pastinya lebih berbahaya. Percampuran bahan-bahan kimia dengan alat-alat yang direka sendiri (seperti batang paip) boleh mengakibatkan letupan.

Orang ramai, khasnya ibubapa harus prihatin dalam masalah ini kerana bahan kimia yang digunakan dalam pembuatan mercun boleh mengakibatkan keracunan jika termakan atau terhidu.

main mercun cederat tangan jari
Bahan Kimia

Kalium nitrat, strontium nitrat, kuprum oksida, karbon perklorat, barium klorat, potasium perklorat, sulfur, serbuk aluminium dan arsenik adalah antara bahan kimia dalam mercun yang boleh menjejaskan kesihatan.

Tujuan penggunaan pelbagai bahan ini adalah untuk memberi fungsi yang berlainan seperti membekalkan oksigen dan karbon, kesan bunyi dan warna. Tindakan kimia dalam mercun akan menghasilkan banyak asap hasil daripada bahan kimia beracun dan boleh membahayakan kesihatan.

Bahan campuran klorat dan perklorat berbahaya kerana mudah terbakar. Klorat adalah ejen pengoksidan yang kuat dan boleh menjadi toksik jika terhidu atau termakan. Pendedahan kepadanya boleh menyebabkan hemolisis iaitu pemusnahan sel darah merah dengan pembentukan metemoglobin. Ia juga membahayakan buah pinggang. Terdedah kepadanya boleh menyebabkan muntah dan kesakitan pada perut.

Sebatian barium menyebabkan keracunan dengan menunjukkan tanda-tanda seperti muntah, sakit pada bahagian perut, cirit-birit berdarah, kesesakan nafas, sawan, koma atau mati akibat kegagalan jantung atau pernafasan.

Jika tersedut, ia boleh menyebabkan penyakit paru-paru, lumpuh otot-otot, darah tinggi dan kekurangan zat kalium dalam tubuh.

Sebatian nitrat pula menyebabkan hakisan pada tisu-tisu kulit serta pelbagai penyakit-paru-paru. Bahan nitrat mudah memasuki tubuh melalui kulit terutamanya jika kulit mengalami kecederaan akibat terbakar.

Pendedahan kronik (lama) melebihi 5mg/kg/hari perlu dielakkan. Kajian menunjukkan mereka yang mengalami luka akibat kebakaran boleh menghadapi masalah gangguan darah yang teruk selepas terdedah kepada semburan kimia yang mengandungi nitrat.

Keracunan nitrat berkaitan dengan pengsan, pening, keletihan, sesak nafas, mual, muntah, tekanan darah rendah dan sakit kepala.

Sulfur boleh memasuki tubuh melalui pernafasan. Keracunan sulfur boleh menyebabkan rengsa kulit, mata, paru-paru dan saluran perut. Kesan-kesan lain ialah sesak nafas, batuk, rasa terbakar dan sakit dada.

Lain-lain Bahan Kimia Dalam Mercun

* Campuran karbon : hidu dan penyerapan melalui kulit - rengsa kulit, kerosakan hati dan buah pinggang, sistem jantung dan darah

* Kuprum oksida : hidu - rengsa saluran pernafasan, demam 'asap logam', selesema, rengsa kulit

* Asid pikrik : hidu dan penyerapan melalui kulit - gatal kulit, kerosakan hati dan buah pinggang

* Strontium : termakan - muntah, sakit perut, najis berdarah, gangguan darah

Kecederaan Teruk

Orang ramai harus sedar kos mengubati mereka yang cedera dan keracunan akibat mercun boleh menelan belanja hingga beribu ringgit.

Biasanya mangsa akan mengalami kecederaan yang teruk seperti buta, kehilangan jari, kebakaran pada tubuh dan mungkin mengalami gangguan jangka panjang akibat pendedahan kepada bahan kimia beracun tanpa disedari.

Bencana mercun tidak boleh dipandang ringan. Oleh itu, jauhilah mercun. Jangan membazir wang anda dengan membelinya.


Lagi info tentang MERCUN di sini.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Elak H1N1 Gugat Hari Raya Anda!

Balik kampung! Dinantikan ramai warga kota yang merantau mencari rezeki dan juga keluarga mereka di kampung.

Namun, di sebalik kemunculan wabak Influenza A (H1N1) tahun ini, orang ramai dinasihatkan mengambil langkah pencegahan supaya tidak dijangkiti mahupun menjangkiti orang tersayang.

Pulang

Virus H1N1 boleh menjangkiti kita semasa dalam perjalanan pulang, atau kita mungkin membawa pulang virus tersebut kepada keluarga di kampung.

Oleh itu, jangan alpa dan sentiasa berwaspada demi keselamatan diri dan keluarga. Pastikan anda sentiasa membawa bersama topeng mulut dan hidung serta bahan pencuci tangan antiseptik untuk waktu-waktu yang memerlukannya.



Dapatkan produk kesihatan TERBAIK di Kedai SihatSelalu <-- Klik!


Bagi yang mempunyai gejala selsema atau tergolong sebagai individu berisiko tinggi mengalami komplikasi jika dijangkiti H1N1, anda perlu memaki topeng mulut dan hidung di tempat tumpuan umum yang sesak. Pastikan juga tangan anda sentiasa bersih.

Jika sudah mula demam atau menunjukkan gejala selsema, pastikan anda mengasingkan diri demi keselamatan ahli keluarga, saudara mara dan juga masyarakat umum.

Bersabarlah sekitar satu minggu dari hari mula mengalami gejala selsema untuk menyambut Hari Raya bersama keluarga dan rakan. Jangan jadikan nyawa mereka sebagai pertaruhan.

Berhemah

Gunakan masa pengasingan diri untuk berehat dan memulihkan badan. Tetapi, jika keadaan semakin teruk atau tanda amaran mula muncul, dapatkan rawatan dengan secepat mungkin.

Jangan pentingkan diri! Jika ada mempunyai gejala selsema, elakkan ke tempat tumpuan seperti rumah terbuka, majlis kenduri mahupun sembahyang berjemaah bagi mengelakkan virus H1N1 disebarkan kepada orang lain.

Dengan amalan bersalam di musim perayaan, pastikan juga anda sentiasa membawa dan menggunakan pencuci tangan antiseptik, atau basuh tangan dengan air dan sabun sekerap mungkin selepas bersalam.

Jika tidak sihat atau gejala selsema timbul selepas pulang dari kampung halaman, anda dinasihatkan menyambung cuti dan elakkan diri pergi ke sekolah, institusi pengajian atau ke tempat kerja.

Bagi pengendali sistem pengangkutan awam pula, pastikan anda menyediakan pencuci tangan antiseptik serta topeng mulut dan hidung untuk penumpang yang memerlukannya. Jika ada penumpang yang sakit, usahakan supaya penumpang berkenaan tidak bergaul rapat dengan penumpang lain yang tiada gejala selesema.

Ingatlah, pencegahan Influenza A H1N1 bukan hanya untuk melindungi diri, malahan untuk keselamatan bersama keluarga dan sahabat handai.

Bersama kita mengawal penularan wabak ini dan melindungi diri, keluarga dan negara dari pandemik Influenza A H1N1.


Lagi info tentang H1N1 di sini.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Avoid Using Washable Masks

2009/09/04
NST Online
by Annie Freeda Cruez


KUALA LUMPUR : The Health Ministry does not recommend the use of washable face masks to stop the spread of influenza A (H1N1).

Health director-general Tan Sri Dr Ismail Merican said the mask, sold at 'pasar malam' for RM5 each, had not been evaluated by the ministry.

"People should use 3-ply and N95 masks if they have influenza-like illness (ILI)."




Dapatkan produk kesihatan TERBAIK di Kedai SihatSelalu <-- Klik!


N95 masks fit tightly over the face, filtering out 95% of small particles.

Studies show that people can cut the risk of getting sick by 60 to 80% by using masks in combination with frequent hand-washing and avoiding close contact with sick persons.

Dr. Ismail said masks should be used once and then thrown away.

"Wearing masks is not the solution. It helps, of course, especially if you are sick and want to move around. Malaysians should also observe strict personal hygiene, washing hands with soap and water, use of alcohol rubs or sanitisers, practise cough and sneeze etiquette and stay home if unwell."

The official death toll now stands at 73, as the ministry's mortality review committee has yet to confirm 3 deaths reported earlier.

Dr. Ismail said there were still many people with ILI symptoms who out in public without wearing masks or adhering to cough and sneeze etiquette.

"Please follow our advice as by not doing so, you are spreading the virus to others, especially those who fall under the high risk category. Because of you, they may suffer complications and some may even die," he said.

The World Health Organisation has reported 246,221 confirmed cases of H1N1 with 2,958 deaths in 182 countries.


More info on SWINE FLU here.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing

Cara Memakai Topeng Muka

1. Gambar menunjukkan topeng muka 3 lapisan yang ada di pasaran. Basuh tangan sebelum memakai. Jangan sentuh permukaan topeng muka untuk mengelakkan pencemaran.

2. Kenalpasti bahagian atas dan bawah, dalam dan luar. Tetulang besi ialah bahagian atas. Arah lipatan mengarah ke bawah ialah bahagian luar.

3. Letak penyangkut topeng muka dengan kemas di belakang telinga (jika jenis tali ikat dengan kemas belakang kepala).

4. Tetulang besi hendaklah ditekan mengikut bentuk hidung dan muka.

5. Kemaskan topeng pada pada bahagian pipi.

6. Topeng muka mesti menutupi kawasan hidung, mulut dan dagu. Bernafaslah seperti biasa.

7. Jangan menyentuh bahagian tengah topeng apabila menanggalkannya kerana bahagian ini berkemungkinan mengandungi kuman. Pegang pada penyangkut/tali.

8. Buang topeng muka yang telah digunakan dengan bahagian tengah topeng dilipat ke dalam atau bungkus dalam beg plastik sebelum dibuang dalam tong sampah.

9. Basuh tangan.

Penukaran Topeng

Dalam keadaan di bawah, penukaran topeng penutup mulut adalah sangat disarankan :

* Selepas bersin atau batuk.

* Berada dalam kedudukan 3 kaki dengan orang yang bersin atau batuk yang tidak memakai topeng penutup mulut.

* Bila-bila masa yang dirasakan perlu terutama setelah yakin ia telah tercemar.

* Apabila topeng rosak, basah atau berhabuk.


Lagi info tentang SELSEMA BABI di sini.






Jom bincang artikel di atas...



testing
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Lagi Info Semasa di FB SihatSelalu